City2City
The 15-minute City: A new urban model
This hybrid event hosted by LSE Cities and the OBEL AWARD explores the concept of the 15-minute City. In this new urban model, cities and neighbourhoods allow residents to access their daily needs (housing, work, food, health, education, culture and leisure) within a short walk or bike ride.To optimise sustainable urban living, the 15-minute city concept is being implemented in Paris and other major cities to reduce car traffic and CO2 emissions and improve the health and well-being of residents.

The 15-minute City: A new urban model

by LSE Cities | The event took place in the LSE Centre Building Auditorium on the evening of Tuesday 26 April.

Description

Originally developed by Professor Carlos Moreno during the COP21 summit, and later adopted for Mayor Anne Hidalgo’s successful re-election campaign in 2020, the 15-minute city idea has become an international litmus test for the future sustainability of cities. It received the 2021 OBEL AWARD for being an ’ambitious and complex urban strategy – but also a refreshingly pragmatic approach’.

Speaker

  • Carlos Moreno is Scientific Director of the ETI Chair (Entrepreneurship Territory Innovation) and Associate Professor at University Panthéon Sorbonne – IAE Paris

Respondent

  • Jean-Louis Missika was the Deputy Mayor of Paris (2014-2020), in charge of urbanism, architecture, projects of Greater Paris, economic development and attractiveness

Chair

  • Ricky Burdett is a Professor of Urban Studies and Director of LSE Cities at the London School of Economics and Political Science

Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lTrmVfiKB8Y

The World Reconstruction Conference 5 (WRC5)
The WRC5 will focus on addressing the unprecedented socio-economic recovery needs as a pathway to rebuilding a resilient and sustainable society in the post Covid-19 world.

The World Reconstruction Conference 5

“Reconstructing for a sustainable future: Building resilience through recovery in a COVID-19 Transformed World”.

Dates: 23-28 May 2022 | Location: Bali, Indonesia (and Online) 

The conference will be organized under three sub-themes:

  • Social, infrastructural and economic recovery from disasters as an opportunity to reset the development pathway towards a greener and resilient future,
  • Addressing the social and economic effects and impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on “hard-won” development gains, and
  • Rethinking recovery governance models: Planning, Financing and Managing recovery from complex and interconnected disaster-conflict events in the post Covid-19 world.

The WRC5 will be organized in conjunction with the 7th Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR, May 23-28, 2022, Bali, Indonesia) and is aligned with the thematic focus of the GPDRR that is “From Risk to Resilience: Towards Sustainable Development for All in a COVID-19 Transformed World”. The WRC5 will be jointly hosted by UNDP, the World Bank (Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, GFDRR) and UNDRR under the umbrella of the International Recovery Platform (IRP).  

Learn more and register here: https://globalplatform.undrr.org/world-reconstruction-conference-5

ICLEI World Congress 2021 - 2022
Every three years, ICLEI hosts the ICLEI World Congress to showcase how cities, towns and regions across our network are advancing sustainable urban development worldwide. The ICLEI World Congress connects local and regional governments with their peers and strategic partners, and provides a platform for discussions that will inform and enhance their work.

ICLEI World Congress 2021 - 2022

11-13 May 2022 in Malmö, Sweden (Virtual and In-Person)

by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability

From the founding World Congress in New York City, USA in 1990, the ICLEI World Congress has always taken a deep and critical look at the most relevant and pressing issues in urban sustainability. The ICLEI World Congress is the core event organized by ICLEI. Each event is a chance for the network and our partners to come together and outline the future of sustainability in urban areas worldwide.

The ICLEI World Congress 2021 – 2022: The Malmö Summit will feature three days of rich and engaging sessions, preceded by the Research Symposium as a dedicated Research & Innovation component. The Malmö Summit sessions are divided into the following overarching categories:

  • Strategies towards a climate neutral future
  • Strategies towards resilient and healthy communities in harmony with nature
  • Strategies towards equitable and inclusive communities

In order for cities, towns and regions to achieve these objectives, key enablers for action need to be leveraged. The Malmö Summit will give special attention to two of those enablers: Sustainable finance and Innovation. Additionally, the key themes of public procurementcircular development and sustainable mobility will be examined in a number of sessions.

The Research Symposium, which is a full-day hybrid event with a special focus on in-person engagement, will be a space to discuss how different stakeholders can collectively address the knowledge gaps and priority topics identified in the updated Global Research and Action Agenda (GRAA) and City Research Agenda (CRA); what are potential roadmaps to address these gaps and priority topics; and how can academia and subnational governments work together in co-designing exemplary research and innovation projects.

Learn more and register here: https://worldcongress.iclei.org/

ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability is a global network of more than 2,500 local and regional governments committed to sustainable urban development. Active in 125+ countries, we influence sustainability policy and drive local action for low emission, nature-based, equitable, resilient and circular development. Our Members and team of experts work together through peer exchange, partnerships and capacity building to create systemic change for urban sustainability.

Green Upgrading in Informal Settlements
In this one-hour webinar, we will hear from practitioners in India, Egypt and Brazil that are utilizing green building methods for upgrading informal settlements to be resilient, healthy and low-carbon. 

Green Upgrading in Informal Settlements

Date: 10 May 2022 | Time:  -  | Online 

With rapid population growth, rural to urban migration and the expansion of urban boundaries, climate vulnerability continues to threaten cities globally. Low-income urban residents are particularly susceptible to being impacted by climate change as they are more likely to live in high-risk areas such as floodplains and steep slopes, and often lack access to basic infrastructure and services, like electricity and drainage, that could reduce these risks.

As 2.5 billion people are expected to be added to the world’s urban population by 2050, increasing energy use and emissions production as well as climate risk, cities must play a leading role in climate change mitigation to avoid a global temperature rise greater than 1.5°C while also improving the living conditions, health and safety of all their residents.

In this one-hour webinar, we will hear from practitioners in India, Egypt and Brazil that are utilizing green building methods for upgrading informal settlements to be resilient, healthy and low-carbon. Participants will share community stories and best practices to learn from and we’ll discuss how these pilots can be scaled to promote low-carbon living in low-income areas.

Speakers:

  • Dr. Ahmed Sadda, Associate Minister for Civil Society Support & Health Affairs and Executive Director for the Civil Society Support Fund, Speaking on the Hayah Karema project in Egypt
  • Professor Salah El-Haggar, President of Egypt Green Building Council, Speaking on the Hayah Karema project in Egypt
  • Dr. Ronita Bardhan, Assistant Professor of Sustainability in the Built Environment at University of Cambridge, Speaking on a project in India
  • Nina Rentel, Director of Social Technologies, Gerando Falcoes
  • Emiliano Detta, Deputy Director - Mexico, KfW
  • Robin King, Director of Knowledge Capture & Collaboration, WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities

Moderator:

  • Sumedha Malaviya, Program Manager, WRI Buildings Initiative

Register here: https://www.wri.org/events/2022/5/green-upgrading-informal-settlements?utm_campaign=WRICities&utm_source=WRICitiesNewsletter-2022-04&utm_medium=email&utm_content=title

Cover Photo from Unsplash: https://unsplash.com/photos/oqjl1kTw_Bo

Localizing Action for the Ocean: Local and Regional Governments Special Event (2022 United Nations Ocean Conference)
This Special Event will create an opportunity for local and regional governments and their networks, national governments, and other stakeholders to exchange experiences and good practices of SDG 14 implementation at the local level. It will be a space for local and regional governments and other stakeholders to announce specific Ocean Action Commitments.

Localizing Action for the Ocean: Local and Regional Governments Special Event (2022 United Nations Ocean Conference)

Sat 25 Jun 2022, 10.00 am Portugal Time (GMT+1)

Location: Matosinhos, Portugal

Background

Savethedate flyer

The 2022 UN Ocean Conference offers a unique opportunity for cities and regions to mobilize and demonstrate leadership in taking action to protect our ocean and ensure that the ocean and its accompanying coasts are sustainably managed.

Local and regional governments, and their associations and networks, recognize that the protection of the ocean is pivotal to the conservation of common and natural resources. Ocean and maritime ecosystems are a paramount source of biodiversity, food and jobs, and represent cultural values deeply embodied by traditional communities, islands and coastal cities. The Special Event will be an opportunity to stress the presence of ‘urban-ocean linkages’, and how local and regional governments should be engaged in global efforts and decisions to protect the ocean and maritime resources, including food. The Special Event will also highlight the crucial role of multi-level governance and multi-stakeholder collaboration to strengthen the science-policy interface, as well as to improve data systems and seek innovative solutions at all levels.

Additionally, it will facilitate a discussion on opportunities and initiatives that can support sustainable adaptation for coastal cities and regions, including financing innovation and scaling up Ocean protection.

This Special Event will be hosted by the City of Matosinhos and organized in collaboration with UN DESA, UN Global Compact, the Climate Champions Team and networks of local and regional governments gathered in the Global Taskforce of Local and Regional Governments, ICLEI, Local Governments for Sustainability, Regions4, Ocean & Climate Platform, United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG),Resilient Cities Network and the International Association Cities & Ports (AIVP). The event is supported by the cohosts of the 2022 UN Ocean Conference – the Governments of Portugal and Kenya.

Learn more and register here: https://sdgs.un.org/events/LRGspecialevent-2022UNOC

Download the PDF of the concept note from the attached document.

A Decade of Support for Water Governance Reform: Final Report of the GoAL WaSH Programme
This report details the key outcomes of UNDP’s GoAL WaSH programme, which implemented assessments, policy coordination, and water governance in 15 countries from 2009-2019. Sub-national interventions have been highlighted across Bosnia and Herzegovina, El Salvador, Cambodia, Jordan, Togo, Lao PDR, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Madagascar, Mongolia, Niger, Tajikistan, Paraguay and the Philippines.

A Decade of Support for Water Governance Reform: Final Report of the GoAL WaSH Programme

by UNDP and the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) | Originally published on 30 March 2022

The programme supported work in three main areas:

  1. Assessment, analysis and consensus building in the national water and sanitation context; 
  2. Commitment, planning and coordination for new policies, laws, coordinating mechanisms, and regulatory functions; and 
  3. Making reality the reform through the support to implementation with accountability and transparency.

FOREWARD

“The water crisis is a governance crisis.” This assertion from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Human Development Report in 2006 was the catalyst for launching the Governance, Advocacy, and Leadership in Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (GoAL WaSH) Programme over a decade ago.

UNDP GoAL WaSH was established in 2008 to accelerate the achievement of the water and sanitation targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and subsequently the more ambitious water, sanitation and participation targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Countries with specific water-related challenges, often in a post-conflict context, were selected for GoAL WaSH support. This support built on the alignment of government and UNDP country office interests in addressing those challenges by way of governance reform.

Further, as a ‘gap-filling’ mechanism, GoAL WaSH complemented other ongoing initiatives and built synergies to allow national authorities to accelerate the realization of water governance reforms. As a result, GoAL WaSH has promoted water governance reform in 15 countries across all regions of the world.

The GoAL WaSH programme was designed and initiated by Piers Cross, one of the world’s most influential water experts and activists, who passed away in 2017. Piers conducted the initial reviews in most of the countries where the programme started. His deep understanding of the water governance challenge, and inspiring vision towards crafting reform in a participatory manner were essential for establishing and managing the programme. His legacy will live on.

The GoAL WaSH achievements would not have been possible without the commitment of the GoAL WaSH teams at the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), UNDP country offices, and the support from Sweden channelled through the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).

Evaluations have concluded that the GoAL WaSH programme has been able to provide prompt responses, quality advice, and substantial support to project countries. Over the years, governance reform has paid off: for every USD 1 invested in GoAL WaSH over the last five years, USD 16 were leveraged from governments and other partners.

Beyond investments, time is a critical factor. The GoAL WaSH projects are small in monetary terms, but they were long term, reflecting the importance of partnership and trust for supporting governance reform. Running for over a decade, the programme was completed in 2019, but the building of capacities of people and institutions continues.

Andrew Hudson Head, Water and Ocean Governance Programme, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support/Global Policy Network, UNDP

Marianne Kjellén, Senior Water Advisor, Water and Ocean Governance Programme, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support/Global Policy Network, UNDP

Access the full report here: https://www.undp.org/publications/decade-support-water-governance-reform-final-report-goal-wash-programme

The Great Upheaval: Resetting Development Policy and Institutions for the Decade of Action in Asia and the Pacific

The Great Upheaval: Resetting Development Policy and Institutions for the Decade of Action in Asia and the Pacific 

Originally published by

://undp.org">UNDP on 28 March 2022

Description

At the turn of the 21st century, Asia pulled one billion people out of poverty in one generation, a meteoric rise suddenly stalled by the COVID-19 pandemic. This volume examines the strengths of the Asian-Pacific response to the pandemic and weaknesses that the region must re-engineer to rebound.

The 18 authors included in this volume reimagine social and economic pathways to inform policymakers, development practitioners and other readers about opportunities to revamp production modes and networks to rekindle sustainable growth. They call for bolstering investments in universal public health, education and social protection to strengthen human capabilities and recommend marshalling a suite of global public goods to fortify societies for new digital and climactic realities.

Home to three-fifths of the world’s population, the Asia-Pacific Region already accounts for close to half of all global output. By 2050 – after a detour of two centuries and a few pandemics – Asia-Pacific can again become a centrifugal economic and social force. This volume sets out options for policymakers to consider as we head into a new Asia-Pacific Century, one where economic strength will be necessary but insufficient by itself, as inclusion, resilience and sustainability – once seen as moral choices – become imperatives for the planet’s future.

Editors:

  • Swarnim Waglé is the chief economic advisor at the UNDP Regional Bureau for Asia and the Pacific in New York. Waglé also chairs the Institute for Integrated Development Studies, a South Asian think-tank. Previously, he served as a member and vice-chair of the National Planning Commission of Nepal (for three intermittent years between 2014 and 2018) and as a senior economist at the World Bank in Washington, DC, and UNDP in Hanoi, Colombo and New York.
  • Kanni Wignaraja is the United Nations assistant secretary-general and director of the UNDP Regional Bureau for Asia and the Pacific. Previously the director of the United Nations Development Operations Coordination Office, Wignaraja has worked for the UN for over 25 years in the United States and the Asia-Pacific and Africa Regions, including as UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative in Zambia. Wignaraja has published articles on human rights, development policy, leadership and sustainability.

Access the full publication here: https://www.undp.org/publications/great-upheaval

or download the PDF of the publication in the attached document.

Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change (Third Part of IPCC's 6th Assessment Report)
The IPCC has finalized the third part of the Sixth Assessment Report, providing an updated global assessment of climate change mitigation progress and pledges, along with the sources of global emissions, in relation to long-term emissions reduction goals. Chapter 8 reviews key mitigation challenges, implications, and opportunities for urban systems and settlements.

Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change (Third Part of IPCC's 6th Assessment Report)

by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) | Originally published on 4 April 2022

 

The full list of chapters include:

  • Chapter 1: Introduction and Framing
  • Chapter 2: Emissions trends and drivers
  • Chapter 3: Mitigation pathways compatible with long-term goals
  • Chapter 4: Mitigation and development pathways in the near- to mid-term
  • Chapter 5: Demand, services and social aspects of mitigation
  • Chapter 6: Energy systems
  • Chapter 7: Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Uses (AFOLU)
  • Chapter 8: Urban systems and other settlements
  • Chapter 9: Buildings
  • Chapter 10: Transport
  • Chapter 11: Industry
  • Chapter 12: Cross sectoral perspectives
  • Chapter 13: National and sub-national policies and institutions
  • Chapter 14: International cooperation
  • Chapter 15: Investment and finance
  • Chapter 16: Innovation, technology development and transfer
  • Chapter 17: Accelerating the transition in the context of sustainable development

Access the full report, summary for policymakers, technical summary, individual chapters, and annexes here: https://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar6/wg3/

Download the PDF of the summary for policymakers in the attached document.

A greener, safer future for Indian cities
In this article, the authors, who are from WRI India, espouse the development of compact and climate-resilient cities that ensure equitable economic growth and minimize climate impacts over time. The article highlights the delays in preparation, sanctioning, and implementation of urban master plans and calls for greater integration between sectoral infrastructure plans across Indian cities.

A greener, safer future for Indian cities

Master plans face prolonged delays in preparation, sanctioning and implementation. They lack the mandate for integration with other sectoral infrastructure plans which largely remain as wishlists.

Written by Madhav PaiJaya DhindawRejeet Mathews | Posted under Opinion on The Indian Express | Last Updated on 2 May 2022

 May 2, 2022 7:47:34 am

Inter-agency negotiations remain out of the scope of the master planning process.

The IPCC’s latest report shows how smart urban planning can mitigate the effects of climate change. The Union budget 2022 had announced the formation of a high-level committee of planners, economists and institutions to make recommendations on urban sector policies. The finance minister said that by the time India turns 100, nearly half the population will be living in urban areas, making it imperative to not only nurture India’s mega cities but also facilitate tier-2 and tier-3 cities to gear up for the future.

India is witnessing one of the largest urban growth spurts in history. However, three-quarters of the infrastructure that will exist in cities by 2050 is yet to be built. This presents Indian cities with an unprecedented opportunity to look at urban planning and development through a long-term strategic lens to enable economic, environment and social impact.

Urban infrastructure development results in high economic value-add but often leads to unequal and inequitable growth. As a developing economy, negative externalities such as  air and water pollution, climate change, flooding, and extreme heat events also impinge on the economic value of urban infrastructure. Research has shown if cities are developed as compact and climate-resilient centres, then infrastructure investments can produce more economic gain over time with minimal climate impact whilst ensuring equitable growth.

Town and country planning acts in India have largely remained unchanged over the past 50 years, relying on techniques set up by the British. Cities still create land use and regulatory control-based master plans which, on their own, are ineffective in planning and managing cities. Despite the many changes brought about by modernisation, the focus of planning continues to be the strict division of the city into various homogeneous zones such as residential, commercial and industrial. This is done to prevent mixing of incompatible uses and to avoid economic and social integration — a relic of the industrial age when manufacturing and trade were the primary economic activities in cities.

India’s hierarchical system of cities — from mega cities which are the drivers of innovation and economic growth to smaller towns which support local and regional economies and ensure linkages to the rural hinterlands — requires targeted economic development planning and positive climate action.

Master plans face prolonged delays in preparation, sanctioning and implementation. They lack the mandate for integration with other sectoral infrastructure plans which largely remain as wishlists. Inter-agency negotiations remain out of the scope of the master planning process. They tend to take a static, broad-brush approach to cities that have dynamic fine-grained structures and local specificities. In most cases, they end up having a low implementation rate. Globally, cities are moving to the practice of developing strategic plans and projects along with local area plans.

A set of strategic projects that have the potential to trigger growth in the region, to achieve the vision, are identified through a negotiated process. The projects are designed and developed in the context of land that can be made available and capital resources that can be raised. Indian cities should transition to using master plans for developing a shared vision and stating desired long-term outcomes as a regulatory control tool. Strategic plans should be developed every five years to increase a city’s competitiveness and help it achieve its strategic goals with respect to sustainability and economic development by identifying key projects to be implemented.

Finally, local area plans should be developed to ensure the health, safety and welfare of citizens through public participation, contextualising local challenges, needs and ambitions, while supporting the overall objectives of the master plan. Cities should also aim to mainstream the use of spatialised social, economic and environmental data to create robust links across the urban- rural continuum.

Plans are about people and not just physical spaces. Building consensus around future growth and development, with a focus on climate action, economic and social integration, is crucial. Such a participatory process is what will help build a vibrant, inclusive and liveable urban India.

This column first appeared in the print edition on April 12, 2022 under the title ‘Climate in the city’. The writers are with World Resources Institute (WRI) India Ross Centre. Views are personal

Retrieved from https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/a-greener-safer-future-for-indian-cities-7865105/

How circular cities protect biodiversity
This article outlines the impacts of urban areas on biodiversity and demonstrates how localizing the circular economy can help cities in preserving and enhancing biodiversity. It also shares best practices from Turku (Finland), Guelph (Canada), and Delhi (India) in prioritizing regenerative processes and primary resources, while eliminating waste and pollutants such as single-use plastics.

How circular cities protect biodiversity

by Marion Guenard | Originally posted on 21 March 2022 on CityTalk - a blog by ICLEI

The linear economic model relies on a continuous process of extraction and processing of natural resources, which is responsible for more than 90 percent of biodiversity loss. This take-make-waste model is contributing to all drivers of biodiversity loss, from land and sea use change, to ecosystem exploitation and to pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.

Addressing biodiversity loss requires transformative action at all levels and across all sectors. Most importantly, it necessitates a systemic shift to a circular economy that safeguards biodiversity. The circular transition involves prioritizing regenerative resources, reducing the demand for primary resources and avoiding the generation of pollution and waste

With urban areas acting as the consumption centers of our world’s resources, local governments play an important role in this transformation. In fact, they are in a unique position to drive, catalyze and enable circular economy interventions in support of biodiversity protection and regeneration. Critically, cities are also dependent on biodiversity for sustaining the social, economic and environmental well-being of their residents which makes it all the more important for them to be at the forefront of the circular transition.

The recently published briefing sheet City-level circular economy interventions to protect and enhance biodiversity outlines the ways in which urban areas are currently impacting biodiversity and demonstrates how localizing the circular economy can help cities to preserve and enhance biodiversity both within and beyond their jurisdiction.

Here are three ways circular cities can help address the biodiversity crisis.

1) Prioritizing regenerative resources and processes

Circular cities prioritize actions that restore and protect ecosystems, promote nature-based solutions and prioritize resources to power circular systems. This ensures the ecosystems urban and economic systems rely on can continue to deliver ecosystem services and that circular systems are resilient and sustainable.

Best practice: Turku´s circular water systems sources water regeneratively 

In 2009, Turku (Finland) joined forces with nine neighboring municipalities to invest in circular water and wastewater management infrastructure that minimize nutrient pollution, deliver heat for district heating purposes and facilitate sludge recovery. Upstream, the municipalities wanted to ensure groundwater reserves would be protected. For this reason, the public company Turku Region Water Ltd. has implemented an innovative groundwater replenishment technique called Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR). This technique recharges an aquifer using either surface or underground recharge techniques and thereby offers a natural means of producing high-quality water and increasing the yields of the aquifer. The MAR method enables the groundwater levels of the aquifer to be restored to their natural levels. Part of the electricity needed in the pretreatment of the river water that is used for infiltration is produced by 1,350 solar panels.

2) Decreasing demand for primary resources 

About 75 percent of the world’s natural resource consumption takes place in cities and almost 80 percent of all food is consumed by urban residents. Between 2010 and 2050, cities’ material consumption is projected to more than double from 40 to 90 billion tonnes.

Circular cities reduce demand for primary resources by using what already exists, circulating products and materials for as long and at the highest value as possible, and designing consumption- and production models for resource efficiency. These principles can be applied to a variety of resource and materials flows.

Best practice: Guelph supports greywater use and rainwater harvesting at household level

The city of Guelph is one of the largest cities in Canada to rely primarily on groundwater for its water supply. For this reason, the city has long sought to conserve water through diverse initiatives. One of these initiatives is a rebates program to support the installation of greywater reuse and rainwater harvesting systems, which reduce demand on the groundwater supply by allowing homes and businesses to use water that would otherwise enter sewage or stormwater systems. The 35 households participating in this system have allowed Guelph to reduce its water consumption by 962,350 liters yearly and reduce its CO2 emissions by 490 kg per year.

3) Eliminating waste and pollutants

Urban areas generate half of the global waste with municipal waste levels expected to double by 2050. Where waste is not handled properly, it risks undermining biodiversity and ecosystem health, whether due to littering, runoff or landfills leaking pollutants into the natural environment. It is, for example, estimated that urban areas are responsible for 60 percent of marine plastic litter causing detrimental impacts to coastal and marine biodiversity

Circular cities eliminate waste and pollution by improving design and/or ensuring waste streams are safely revitalized, thereby making sure waste and pollution do not materialize in the production and consumption cycle. This can be done through a variety of city-level measures such as incentivizing the design of production methods that minimize waste, regulating the consumption of disposable items or investing in closed-loop infrastructure.

Best practice: Phasing out single-use plastics in Delhi

A massive 60 percent of the plastic waste in the oceans is estimated to come from India. In Delhi, the open burning of plastic waste is causing major health and environmental challenges. The Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi adopted the “Comprehensive Action Plan for Elimination of Identified Single-Use Plastic” in December 2021. The Action Plan organizes a three-step phase-out of single-use plastic such as bags, cutlery, films, banners and wrappers, which is set to be completed by the end of 2022. In addition, incentives for the uptake of single-use plastics alternatives and a scheme for the promotion of high-value plastics recycling technologies will be implemented.

To support a shift to consumption and production patterns that work with rather than against nature, cities need to combine the principles outlined above to address impacts all along the take-make-waste model. This is a challenging task that can only succeed if cities learn from and build on each other’s successes. Access ICLEI´s briefing sheet City-level circular economy interventions to protect and enhance biodiversity for practical examples of how this can be done in practice or watch the recordings of our webinar Localizing biodiversity through the circular economy to learn more about best practices from the ICLEI network.

Retrieved from https://talkofthecities.iclei.org/how-circular-cities-protect-biodiversity/